Role of Vitamins and Minerals in our body 

Vitamins and minerals are the most important nutrients required by the human body to perform various tasks. Having the right nutrients in your diet plays a vital role in your healthy long life. Eating a healthy diet provide a sufficient amount of minerals and vitamins required by the body. They help in strengthening your bones, boost your immune system as well as ensure faster healing of the wound. Minerals and vitamins are also required for converting the food into energy and help in repairing the cellular damage. In this article, we are talking about what these vitamins and minerals actually do in our body and why you should consume enough quantity of them. 

Micronutrients- play a vital role in the body

Vitamins and minerals are also called micronutrients that our body required in small amounts. The deficiency of micronutrients can result in diseases. Here are some diseases that can cause due to vitamin deficiencies:-

  • Scurvy:- This problem leads to bleeding gums and listlessness of scurvy. The key reasons of causing this problem are deficiency of vitamin C. Therefore you should include enough fruits and vegetable in your diet.
  • Blindness:- Vitamin A deficiency is also responsible for causing blindness.
  • Rickets:- Vitamin D deficiency can lead to rickets which are conditions of weak and soft bones. It can lead the skeletal deformities like bowed legs. 

The micronutrients deficiency can leave substantial harm to your body. But having the right amount of micronutrients can bring various benefits for your health such as:-

  • Strong bones:- If you consume the right amount of vitamin D, vitamin K, calcium, magnesium, etc. then it makes your bones strong and fights against fractures.
  • Prevent pregnancy complications:– By consuming the right supplements like folic acid in the early stage of pregnancy it work well in preventing brain and spinal birth defects in offspring.
  • Healthy gums and teeth:– The minerals fluoride is beneficial in bone formation as well as preventing dental cavities from starting or worsening.

Difference between vitamins and minerals

The micronutrients, vitamins, and minerals are considered different in basic ways. Vitamins are easily broken down by air, heat, or acid whereas minerals are inorganic and hold their chemical structure. It means you can easily get the minerals from your diet containing plants, fish, etc. But it is difficult to get the vitamins from the food and other sources because they get inactive due to heat and air exposure.

Water-soluble vitamins

These vitamins are directly supplied in the bloodstream when food is broken down during digestion or supplements dissolve. Our body contains a huge amount of water therefore water-soluble vitamins easily circulate in the body. Your kidney regulates the level of water-soluble vitamins and flushes it out from the body in your urine. The water-soluble vitamin includes:-

  • B vitamins
  • Vitamin B12
  • Niacin (vitamin B3)
  • Folic acid (folate, vitamin B9)
  • Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
  • Pantothenic acid (vitamin B5
  • Biotin (vitamin B7)
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin C
  • Thiamin (vitamin B1)

Role of water-soluble vitamins 

They are playing a vital role in the body by generating energy from the food. 

Here we are sharing some examples how different water-soluble vitamins are beneficial for maintaining your health:-

  • To release energy:-Some vitamin B components include coenzymes that help in releasing energy from food. 
  • Produce energy: Niacin, biotin, Thiamin, etc. are beneficial for energy production
  • Form proteins and cells:- folic acid, vitamin B6, and B12 are beneficial for metabolizing the amino acids and help in multiplying cells.
  • Develop collagen:- Vitamin C is beneficial for making collagen that helps in knits wounds, supporting blood vessels walls and creating a base for bones and teeth.

These are benefits of vitamins, minerals, and micronutrients in our body therefore you should ensure that you are consuming a balanced nutritional diet for your fit and healthy longlife. 

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